An incredibly large difference is in the player’s posture and way the guitars are held. 1. Once again, this supports the instrument’s own stylistic capabilities. To understand the differences between classical and flamenco guitars, it is important to realize the similarities.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'guitaraffinity_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_5',108,'0','0'])); As both are adapted from Torres’s own modern classical guitar design, they maintain a wooden body with a discrete soundboard made from wood different from the back, sides, neck, and headstock. The definition of what is considered “traditional Spanish guitar construction” is a complex topic. This extra depth allows more sustain and gives a little bit more lower register and fullness to the sound. Most spanish guitar makers know that and that’s why they store a large amount of quality wood seasoned at the mediterranean climate for years. Whereas on an acoustic guitar, steel strings are used. http://www.davidjaggs.com http://www.kentguitarclassics.com A very informal look at these three fine classical guitar making traditions. Truly a genre of lively spectacle, the modest classical guitars were no longer able to be utilized appropriately in the flamenco setting. The classical guitar is not electric and has a standard fitted body shape like a violin, with a flat back and six strings. However, a variation has emerged among modern flamenco luthiers, where instead of cyprus (or even sycamore) on the backs and sides, rosewood is substituted instead. If you like Spanish, Flamenco, or classical music, this type of sound can be achieved with a classical guitar. This lack of string action, which is maybe 1/32” lower than a classical guitar, can also give flamenco guitars their distinctive growly tone that is distorted ever so slightly by buzzing fret noise. Through the ages the guitar has been one of the most popular and commonly used musical instruments. Over the next several thousand years, further modifications would lead to ancestors of the guitar such as the 15th century gittern, 16th century vihuela, 17th century baroque guitar, and the early-19th century romantic guitar. Guitars are usually played by strumming or plucking. How guitars are made, their components, the shape of the body and string type can affect how an instrument sounds. Etymologically derivative of the word golpe, a golpeador is a mounted sheet of plastic that sits on top of the soundboard, near the strings. The relationship between all three forms are essential in traditional flamenco, and blending must remain optimal in order to fit. They are fairly similar and it’s … Cedar wood is warm, dark wood that promotes a fuller, richer sound that almost feels like it is surrounding the player. The main differences are in their construction and sound, the first and most important differentiator bieng volume. There are distinct differences between a traditional Spanish guitar and a classical guitar. Flamenco guitars and classical guitars are not held and played the same way traditionally. Spanish vs Classical guitars. Classical Guitar… for those of you who are taking online guitar lessons with me and may want to play some Flamenco stuff here's the thing: I really love Flamenco when it's played well, but I must let you know that I'm not too helpful with the style because it's a totally different technique and involves an expertise with improvising over dance forms that I just don't have. That gives them a good source of quality material for they guitars. There are many different Classical and Spanish guitars made for different skill levels. This technique is commonly used for “speed bursts” in flamenco, and can cross strings to arpeggiate a chord. While his innovations were pinnacle in the development of flamenco guitars, Torres never actually specified a clear difference between classical and flamenco guitars. I have summarized four of its most important elements. An acoustic wooden string instrument with strings made of gut or nylon, it is a precursor of the modern acoustic and electric guitars, both of which use metal strings. The first music composed for the vihuela was written by the Spanish composer Luis de Milan in 1536, and used a combination of numeric tablature to write the music. The thumb is usually playing a bass note on tremolo. The general standard for a guitar is that it has six strings and a fret board, which is a finger board composed of wood and metal strips that designate half steps for the guitar strings. Guitar Affinity's Top 5 Guitars of the Month: Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. This variation is known as flamenco negra, popularized by guitarist Paco de Lucia. The guitar itself has a long and rich history, with the earliest lutes dating as far back as 3000 BC in ancient Mesopotamia. Hernando Cortez was known to teach guitar in Mexico around 1526. A lower action. In order to achieve that raspy, growling sound, the back and sides are often made of cypress, a light and resonant wood. Spruce wood, when applied to a guitar soundboard, creates a more projected, unidirectional sound that cuts through when compared to the warmer, omnidirectional sound of cedar. The growth of the modern nylon-string guitar has become an ever-evolving movement which has produced two different prime categories: classical guitars vs spanish guitars (or flamenco guitars). The soundboards of flamenco guitars are almost always spruce, not cedar. With all of that said, innovation and experimentation between the two is always creating new designs, new setups, new approaches to each instrument that can produce exciting new sounds and qualities that overlap each other. Assuming a right-handed player and instrument, classical guitars are played resting on the left leg of the performer, at an elevated angle of roughly 45 degrees (by way of a footstool, cushion, or other means of support). The first treatise to the ‘Spanish guitar’ appeared in 1596 with the publication of Guitarra Española de cinco órdenes (Five-Course Spanish Guitar), written by Juan Carlos Amat. He works as the content manager for a financial education software firm and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Wisconsin. The Traditional Spanish Method of Classical Guitar Construction. The sound quality of these guitars is soft and warm. Guitars have been around for over 5,000 years. Differences In Spanish Guitar Vs Acoustic Guitar. A Spanish guitar. Although the terms “classical guitar” and “Spanish guitar” are often interchanged, the traditional Spanish guitar was a different instrument that sounded different than the classical guitar and was more complicated to play. Artpegi Productions is a music production company based in Barcelona (Spain). The steel strings on an acoustic guitar produce a bright, crisp, even twangy sound that resonates more than a classical guitar. Flamenco guitars are built for speed, even at the risk of some fret buzzing. I know what a Spanish guitar is: it is similar to the classical guitar, but the body is different.However, I've never heard of an English guitar in my entire life. Classical guitars and Spanish guitars are often synonymous terms. Classical guitars are derived from the Spanish vihuela and gittern in the fifteenth and sixteenth century, which later evolved into the seventeenth and eighteenth century Baroque guitarand later the modern cla… Traditional Spanish vihuelas were made with six double strings, or twelve strings. But most modern rock, folk, blues, and country performers use an acoustic guitar. There are only three surviving vihuelas known in the world today. Classical Guitar. Rosewood, being a denser wood than cypress, encourages a richer sustain on the instrument at the sacrifice of a slightly duller attack. How are these respective sounds accomplished? Spruce tops have been used for generations in spanish classical guitars and flamenco guitars. Regarding neck relief, a flamenco guitar practically has none at all. In a way, the flamenco negra guitar can be considered a halfway point between flamenco blanca guitars and classical guitars, due to the fuller sound. The Spanish Method is characterized by an integrated neck-body construction. Andalucians in southern Spain and later in Mexico began playing a modified type of guitar that they called the “Flamenco guitar.” Along with the Flamenco guitar, popular dances for celebrations were developed, along with colorful outfits to match. Tremolo is a similar idea, but is used to play a single note multiple times. Cordoba C10 Acoustic Nylon String Classical Guitar, Types of Guitars – All Sizes and Shapes Explained. Guitar from Spain is the best online store to buy the best spanish guitars online: Classical guitars, Flamenco Guitars, Acoustic Guitars and electro acoustic guitars made in Spain from the best Spanish guitar makers at local prices. To accommodate their own stylistic purposes, classical and flamenco guitars vary in terms of of construction in order to appropriately enhance the sound to compliment their genres. Classical tremolo is performed with the pattern p-a-m-i. There are two types, blanca (the cypress) and negra (palosanto aka rosewood) with a fuller sound. To prevent damage to the body of the guitar from golpe, a golpeador is affixed to the instrument. However, classical guitars of the time were rife with problems. In a classical guitar, some slight neck relief is applied to give a very slight concave bend. The Spanish vihuela is also a larger instrument, and therefore sounds somewhat different. A component unique to flamenco guitars exists in what is known as a “golpeador”. His clients have included the Educated Investor, the University of Wisconsin, New York Life, the "Encyclopedia of Personal Finance," "Your Retirement Watch" and "The Internet Review of Books." My tuner won’t register the notes and I’ve tried tuning it by ear using my electric (which I play regularly and is in tune) but I can’t get the Spanish guitar to match. These changes are accomplished in several ways. A doctor by trade, Amat was also a guitar aficionado, and his book, described in nine chapters how to string, tune and strum the chords of a five-course guitar. In flamenco music, there are three primary forms of expression: cante, baile, and toque. Beyond One could easily make a case of them being more similar than different, but the variations in materials and construction are conducive to how approachable they are to a player. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Spanish and Classical guitars are ALMOST the same but there are differences. In a nutshell, classical guitars are larger, warmer instruments designed for balance, having a full, sustaining sound would help to draw attention to such a harmonically rich piece of music.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'guitaraffinity_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',105,'0','0'])); Flamenco guitars are a little smaller, built for speed and a sound that favors a sharp attack for a brighter tone color. The vihuela was called “viola” in other countries, but it is not the same instrument as that larger violin-type of stringed instrument with the same name. Traditional Spanish vihuelas were made with six double strings, or twelve strings. It is focused on activities related to the Spanish guitar music and formed by a team of professionals with over ten years of experience in organizing musical events. The backs and sides of flamenco guitars are comprised of cypress or sycamore, which enhance the attack of the instrument and, therefore, its volume. The strings are also closer to the body on flamenco guitars to facilitate tapping. Flamenco guitars, while similar in looks to standard classical guitars, are built for a specific style of music. And it has guitar strings made of nylon. Players use different posture, strumming patterns, and techniques. Classical Vs Flamenco Guitar. Because a Spanish guitar is strung with nylon, rather than metal strings, its neck is under considerably less tension than that of an acoustic guitar. Nylon stringed guitars come in many shapes and sizes. Flamenco music grew in popularity through the late-19th century, and guitars were already seeing more involvement in the genre. Also known as a Spanish guitar and used mostly to play classical music and Spanish style guitar. Spruce wood helps to enhance some of the extended techniques of flamenco guitar music, which will be discussed later. Classical guitars and flamenco guitars are ultimately close cousins under the umbrella of the nylon-string guitar. While their necks are designed differently, the wood composition is usually the same. There is also a Mexican vihuela that has five strings and is used by mariachi bands to play the special style of mariachi music. These closely-related guitars may be more different than a cursory glance can tell, and their primary differences boil down to what each one is trying to accomplish musically. Here are some photos for comparison. Vihuelas are rare. When striking a string in free stroke, the fingers follow through into the palm of the hand after making contact. Without a golpeador, an over-enthusiastic player could potentially punch a hole right through the instrument! The tuning on a vihuela is the same as on a classical guitar, except for the third string, which is tuned half a step below the note of the third string on a classical six-string guitar. Luthiers have been building instruments especially suited to flamenco music for a long time, and you’re probably reading this article because the music is exciting, and you want to purchase a flamenco guitar.. Sound: The classical guitar is designed to give the soloist the tools to perform poly-timbral music: “An orchestra in a box”. If I had to recommend just 1 of each, this Cordoba C10 would be my choice for Classical, and this Cordoba F10 for Flamenco. Flamenco guitars often bear a “golpeador”, which is a sheet of plastic mounted to the face of the guitar to protect its finish. The percussive sound of rasgueado can mimic the sound of castanets, which are sometimes played by dancers. For one, classical guitars soundboards are typically made of cedar or spruce wood. The key difference is in the tone of the instrument, bridging the gap between the sharp attack of flamenco blanca and the rich fullness of the classical guitar. This design was pioneered by 19th century Spanish guitarist and luthier Antonio de Torres Jurado. Mike Marcoe is a writer/editor with more than 19 years of experience. Spanish Guitar vs. Flamenco guitars, on the other hand, are typically played resting on the right leg, almost parallel to the floor. Today, we’re taking a look at the best classical guitars. The Cordoba C3M classical guitar makes for one of their most popular models. Each step in this evolution would lead closer to the development of what is now referred to as the modern classical guitar.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'guitaraffinity_com-box-4','ezslot_1',106,'0','0'])); Today’s acoustic guitars are all derived from the modern classical guitar design. what they are made of and how they are made. Variant of this type of guitar is used for playing flamenco music. The right hand technique for tremolo can vary between flamenco and classical music, as flamenco tremolo is traditionally performed using the right-hand pattern of thumb (p), index finger (i), ring finger (a), middle finger (m), and index finger (i), also known as p-i-a-m-i. These closely-related guitars may be more different than a cursory glance can tell, and their primary differences boil down to what each one is trying to accomplish musically. The percussive tapping on the instrument requires a snappy, bright top such as spruce, as well as the addition of “golpeadores” (clear, sometimes colored tap plates) to protect the top from the player’s fingernails. The root of the development of the flamenco guitar is founded in necessity. What makes a flamenco guitar different from a classical nylon-strung guitar? Guitar music is usually written to be read in chords or tablature one octave above other sounds. A flamenco guitar with a low action and higher tension strings can help produce the characteristic flamenco attack. In comparison, the classical guitar and the lute are two distinctly different instruments. The soundboards are braced identically with a geometric fan bracing that allows a thinner soundboard to remain secure. Golpe is a percussive right-hand technique, designed to emulate dancers’ foot stomping. This raises the action the strings ever so slightly to prevent fret buzzing and give more room for the string to waver. On a classical guitar, nylon strings are used. Classical Vs Acoustic Guitar – String Type. Luthiers needed to keep costs low, so this was the best option. Granted, free stroke and rest stroke are by no means exclusive to one guitar or the other, but the instruments prefer their respective styles based on the playing techniques commonly used. They were simply too quiet, too unresponsive to the technical demands that flooded the music. The growth of the modern nylon-string guitar has become an ever-evolving movement which has produced two different prime categories: classical guitars vs spanish guitars (or flamenco guitars). Keeping the right hand in a default rest position encourages the use of extended techniques commonly used in flamenco music compared to the classical idiom. Traditionally, these strings were made of gut (animal intestine). Is it a new kind of guitar that has just been invented'For your information, the acoustic guitar, the electric guitar, the classical guitar and the Spanish guitar are all played using the same chords. Flamenco is played somewhat differently from classical guitar. The Romans brought the guitar to Spain around 1500, and it was so popular that it became Spain's national instrument. The classical guitar (also known as the classic guitar, nylon-string guitar or Spanish guitar) is a member of the guitar family used in classical music. Similar to how a pickguard protects a steel-string or electric guitar’s body from damage from guitar pick, a golpeador is to protect a flamenco guitar from damage when employing the percussive golpe technique. The strings were made of gut or genuine sinew. The effect is accomplished by physically striking the guitar at the soundboard, above or below the strings. Knowing different frets helps a guitar player find the correct pitch, note and tone for playing music. Spanish/classical guitars are used for many forms of music, but most notably classical music. The neck design of classical and flamenco guitars vary as well. Cordoba pride themselves on producing valuable nylon string guitars. Aside from the types of wood, classical guitars also have thicker wood and larger bodies compared to their flamenco relatives.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'guitaraffinity_com-leader-1','ezslot_6',109,'0','0'])); On average, a classical guitar will have between ⅛” to ¼” more depth on the sides compared to a flamenco guitar. This includes, but is not limited to, rasgueado, tremolo, picado, and the aforementioned golpe. Flamenco dancers and music are popular today in Mexico and Spain. Let’s start with some background information. 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